Eu Trade Agreements Bilateral
The European Union (EU) has been an active participant in the global trade arena, with a strong focus on negotiating and signing trade agreements with various countries and regions. In recent years, the EU has been particularly interested in pursuing bilateral trade agreements to increase its competitiveness in the international market. In this article, we`ll explore the EU`s trade agreements with its bilateral partners and their significance.
Bilateral trade agreements are essentially agreements between two countries that aim to promote trade and investment between them. These agreements often involve the removal of trade barriers such as tariffs, quotas, and other restrictions that can hinder the flow of goods and services between the two countries. Bilateral trade agreements are often seen as a stepping stone towards broader and more comprehensive trade deals, such as the multilateral agreements under the World Trade Organization (WTO).
The EU has signed a number of bilateral trade agreements with various countries and regions, particularly in recent years. One of the most significant of these agreements is the EU-Canada Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA). Signed in 2016, CETA has removed nearly all tariffs between Canada and the EU, making it easier for European businesses to trade with Canada and vice versa. It also includes provisions for protection of intellectual property, labor rights, and environmental standards.
Another important bilateral trade agreement signed by the EU is the EU-Japan Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA). This agreement, which took effect in 2019, is the largest trade deal that the EU has ever negotiated. It eliminates tariffs on nearly all goods traded between the two regions, as well as opening up markets in services and public procurement. The agreement also includes provisions on labor rights and environmental protection.
The EU has also signed bilateral agreements with several countries in Africa, known as Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs). These agreements aim to promote trade and economic development in African countries, by improving market access and removing trade barriers. The EU has signed EPAs with several regions in Africa, including West Africa, Southern Africa, and East Africa.
In addition to these agreements, the EU is currently negotiating several other bilateral trade agreements with countries such as Australia, New Zealand, and Mexico. These agreements are expected to provide new opportunities for European businesses in key markets, as well as improving overall trade relations between these countries and the EU.
In conclusion, the EU`s pursuit of bilateral trade agreements reflects its commitment to promoting free and fair trade with its key partners around the world. These agreements are an important tool for increasing economic growth, creating jobs, and improving living standards both within the EU and in its partner countries. As the EU continues to negotiate these agreements, it will remain an important player in the global trade arena.